The real name of the fruits
The common lexicon has given us the bad habit of associating the word fruit with a set of botanical fruits that have the following characteristics: edible and sweet-flavored (such as banana, mandarin, apple, peach and other similar ones).
In botany, the fruit is what is obtained from the modification of the ovary following the fertilization of the egg cell contained in it. Its biological task is to protect the seed, inhibit its germination and favor its dissemination far from the "mother plant" (by eating a fruit an animal unknowingly transports the seed away from the plant that generated it, to get more chance of living without entering competing with already large plants that would take away nourishment and light).
All plants produce fruit, if we happen to observe specimens that have not produced fruit throughout the year there are 3 possibilities:
1 The plant belongs to an autosterile variety (eg Viburnum opulus “flore pleno”)
2 The plant is a masculine individual of a dioecious species (eg Kiwi)
3 Weather conditions have prevented the production of flowers or fruits
4 The specimen is in its juvenile phase, has not yet reached sexual maturity
The fruits can be of two types: fleshy, formed by succulent fabrics such as peach or raspberry and buckets covered with lignified membranes such as legume and corn caryopsis.
For each fruit its name
If we make lexical confusion about the concept of fruit in general, we can only imagine how many inaccuracies there are in naming the individual fruits in everyday language.
An example to clarify what we are talking about, did you know that the nut is actually the fruit of Corylus avellana or the hazel?
The pine cone is actually the cone or strobilus and to tell the truth it is not a real fruit, because the pine belongs to the gymnosperms (from the bare seed), the seed does not form inside the ovary.
The fruit of the cherry tree is instead a drupe, like that of the peach tree, the apricot tree, the almond tree, the plum tree and the aforementioned nut.
The fruits of the vine are berries and also those of tomato and pepper.
Orange is actually called esperidio and the pomegranate balausta.
Most famous is the apple tree and also the pear tree.
While the rose produces what we mistakenly call a berry and is actually a rose-hip.
Among the dried fruits we recall:
the willow capsule, the maple disamara, the elm and ash samara, the acacia legume and the oleander follicle.
Knowing the correct nomenclature of fruits allows us to understand some of their characteristics, to recognize plants belonging to the same family more easily and to sit at the table tomorrow with the knowledge that in the fruit basket there is an interesting botanical and memory comprehension test .